THE ROHINGYA CAMPS | Inside the world's fastest growing humanitarian crisis
Violence, persecution, fear, despair and death. These words are often heard in Kutupalong and Balukhali, two of the world's largest refugee camps, home to approximately 660,000 people of the Rohingya ethnic group , in the south of Bangladesh. Considered the most persecuted minority in the world, they came to the thousands after years of oppression in Myanmar, their homeland, where they had no rights and were discriminated because they were muslims in a buddhist majority country. The latest chapter of this mass escape came in august 2017 when burmese security forces launched attacks on rohingya villages in Rakhine state in response to the so-called ARSA (Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army) militias that would operate in the region attacking police stationsand army bases. Supported by radical buddhist groups, Myanmar's military shot men, raped women, and systematically and brutally murdered children. According to the latest survey by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), only between august and september the number of dead can reach 7,000. There are reports of entire families being murdered, some of them with more than 30 members. In the face of alarming data and reports of survivors fleeing to Bangladesh, the United Nations has called the attacks "ethnic cleansing" and regards it as the world's fastest growing humanitarian crisis. Amnesty International calls the situation of the rohingya in Myanmar "apartheid."
A survey by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR / UNHCR) shows that in 1992 there were 33,000 rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. In 2016 that number rose to 270,000 and after the Myanmar offensive in august there are 630,000 people distributed across the Kutupalong, Balukhali, Nayapara, Thaingkhali and Palongkhali camps.